Common Painful Hand Injuries & Conditions

Here is a list of the

  • common painful hand conditions as well as
  • common painful hand injuries

that most hand pain sufferers experience (including my hand therapy patients).

For reference:

  • Unmarked (no asterisk) means that usually no need for injections or surgeries
  • Single asterisk (*) means that injections or surgeries are optional or considered only if pain persist for more than 3-6 months, or getting worse
  • Double asterisks (**) means that will definitely need surgery – these are very small number of them

Finger and Thumb

  1. Mallet / Baseball Finger*
  2. Trigger Finger
  3. Boutonniere Deformity
  4. Swan Neck Deformity
  5. High Trigger Finger (for rockclimbers/hook fist users)
  6. Collateral ligament partial tears
  7. Collateral ligament ruptures*
  8. Finger fracture(s)*
  9. Skier’s/Goalkeeper’s Thumb
  10. Finger (PIPJ) dislocation
  11. Boxer’s Fracture*
  12. Bennett’s Fracture
  13. Rolando’s Fracture
  14. Jersey Finger Avulsion (Opposite Mallet)**
  15. Osteoarthritis of the thumb and/or fingers
  16. Pulley ruptures*
  17. Traumatic Extensor Hood Rupture**
  18. Metacarpal fractures

Hand and Wrist

  1. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  2. Guyon Tunnel Syndrome
  3. De Quervain’s tenosynovitis
  4. Wrist fracture*
  5. Wrist sprain
  6. TFCC sprain
  7. TFCC tear*
  8. Scapholunate ligament tear
  9. Scaphoid fracture*
  10. Wrist tendon tendinitis
  11. Wrist tendon tears / cuts / lacerations*
  12. ECU Tendonitis
  13. Intersection syndrome, also called Oarsman’s wrist
  14. Tendonitis of the flexor carpi radialis
  15. Hook of hamate fractures*

Forearm

  1. Pulled muscles
  2. Torn muscles**
  3. Ulnar bone fracture*
  4. Radial bone fracture*

Elbow

Anterior (Front) Elbow Conditions

  1. Biceps insertion tendinopathy rupture**
  2. Brachialis Strain / Tear
  3. Degenerative Joint Changes
  4. Adult Annular Ligament Tear / Sprains

Medial (Innerside) Elbow Conditions

  1. Medial Epicondylalgia (golfer’s elbow)
  2. MCL strain / rupture
  3. Ulnar Nerve Entrapments*
  4. Medial olecranon fossa impingement

Lateral (Outerside) Elbow Conditions

  1. Lateral Epicondylalgia
  2. Osteochondral Fractures of the capitellum*
  3. Osteochondritis Dissecans
  4. Synovial Plica
  5. LCL tear/ strain (also known as elbow ulnar collateral ligament strain)
  6. Fractures of the Radial Head*
  7. Loose Bodies
  8. Osteoarthritis of the elbow radiohumeral joint
  9. Synovitis Radio-humeral joint
  10. Radial tunnel syndrome
  11. Posterior interosseous Nerve entrapment

Posterior (Back) Elbow Conditions

  1. Avulsion fractures of the olecranon*
  2. Olecranon spurs
  3. Olecranon posterior impingement
  4. Triceps tendinopathy* / Rupture**
  5. Olecranon Bursitis
  6. Postero/lateral elbow dislocation*

General Hand Pain Conditions

  1. Stress fractures
  2. Arthritis
  3. Rheumatoid arthritis
  4. Aching Burning Tingling Hands